Asunción, Paraguay

Asunción, Paraguay

According to abbreviationfinder, the city of Asunción is the capital of the Republic of Paraguay. It is an autonomous district that is not part of any department. The metropolitan area, called Asunción, includes the cities of San Lorenzo, Fernando de la Mora, Lambaré, Luque, Mariano Roque Alonso, Ñembí, San Antonio, Limpio, Capiatá and Villa Elisa, which are part of the Central Department.

The metropolitan area of Asunción has more than 2 million residents.


Asunción is located between the parallels 25º 15 ‘and 25º 20’ of south latitude and between the meridians 57º 40 ‘and 57º 30’ of west longitude. The city sits on the left bank of the Paraguay River, almost at the confluence of this river with the Pilcomayo River. The Paraguay River and the Bay of Asunción in the northwest of the city separate the Western Region of Paraguay and Argentina in the southern part of the city. The rest of the city is surrounded by the Central Department.

Thanks to its location along the Paraguay River, the city offers many landscapes to behold, as it stretches over hills in a pattern of rectangular blocks. Places like Cerro Lambaré, a hill located in Lambaré, offer a spectacular show in the spring due to the lapacho trees in bloom in the area. Parks such as Parque Independencia and Parque Carlos Antonio López have large areas of typical Paraguayan vegetation and are frequented by tourists. There are several small hilly and slightly elevated areas throughout the city, including Cabara, Clavel, Tarumá, Cachinga, and Tacumbú, among others.


Asunción has a tropical savanna climate that borders on a humid subtropical climate. Asunción generally has a relatively short dry season that runs from June to September and a wet season that covers the rest of the year. Asunción’s climate can be described as hot and humid for most of the year. During the rainy season, Asunción is generally hot and humid, although towards the end of this season, it becomes noticeably cooler. By contrast, Asunción’s dry season is pleasantly mild.


In the city proper the population is approximately 520,000 people. Approximately 30% of the 6 million people in Paraguay live in Greater Asunción. 65% of the total population in the city is under the age of 30 years. See population of Paraguay.

The population has increased enormously in recent decades as a consequence of internal migration from other departments of Paraguay, initially due to the economic boom of the 1970s, and later due to the economic recession in the countryside. Adjacent cities in the Greater Asunción area, such as Luque, Lambaré, San Lorenzo, Fernando de la Mora, and Mariano Roque Alonso, have absorbed most of this flow, due to the low cost of land and easy access to Asunción. The city has ranked as the cheapest city to live in for five consecutive years according to Mercer Human Resource Consulting. These cities have also experienced significant economic growth and expansion.


The most widely spoken language in Asunción is Spanish (56.9%), followed by Yopará (27.4%), [1] and Guaraní (11.1%). Other languages register a presence of 4.5% in the population.


Asunción is home to several symphony orchestras and theater, opera and ballet companies. The best known orchestras are the Symphony Orchestra of the City of Asunción (OSCA), the National Symphony Orchestra and the Universidad del Norte Symphony Orchestra. Among the professional ballet companies, the best known are the Municipal Classical and Modern Ballet of Asunción, the National Ballet and the Ballet of the Universidad del Norte. The main opera company is the Universidad del Norte Opera Company. A long-established theater company is the Fundación de Teatro Arlequín. Traditional venues include the Municipal Theater, the Paraguayan-Japanese Center, the Great Lyric Theater of the Central Bank, the Juan de Salazar of the Cultural Center, the America Theater, the Tom Jobim Theater,

The nightlife revolves around two areas: one in the central part of the city and the other in the vicinity of Manora and Las Carmelitas, a night full of stripclubs and bars.

As has been happening in many other parts of the world, cinemas have migrated into the main shopping centers.


Soccer is the main sport in Paraguay, Asunción, and is home to some of the most important and traditional soccer teams such as Olimpia Porteño, Cerro y Libertad Club, Club Nacional, Guaraní, Club Sol de América, which have their own stadiums and sports facilities for affiliate members. The Defensores del Chaco stadium is the most important football stadium in the country and is located in the neighborhood of Sajonia, a few minutes from the center of Asunción. Since it is a national stadium it is sometimes used for other activities such as rock concerts. Asunción is the center for Paraguayan rugby algorithms.


Asunción has a 95 percent literacy rate, the highest in Paraguay. The number of schools has doubled since 1982. The number of students has doubled since 1962.


The city has a large number of public and private schools. The best known public schools are the Colegio Nacional de la Capital (which is one of the oldest schools in the city, founded in 1877), Colegio Nacional Presidente Franco and Colegio Nacional Asunción Escalada. The best known private schools are the Immaculate Heart of Mary School, Salesianito, Cristo Rey School, International School, San José School, Santa Teresa de Jesús School, American School of Asunción, Dante Alighieri School, Santa Clara School, Goethe School and College the assumption.


The main universities in the city are the Catholic University Nuestra Señora de la Asunción (private and Catholic university) and the National University of Asunción (state). La Católica has a small campus in the center of the city next to the Cathedral and a larger campus in the Santa Ana neighborhood, outwards towards the neighboring city of Lambaré, while the National University has its main campus in the city from San Lorenzo, about 5 km east of Asunción. There are also a number of small, privately run universities, such as Uninorte, Universidad Americana, and Universidad Autónoma de Asunción, among others.

Asunción, Paraguay

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