Belmopan, Belize

Belmopan, Belize

According to abbreviationfinder, Belmopan is the capital of Belize. It is located in the center of the country, specifically in the Castro district. It is considered one of the smallest capitals in the world and has an estimated population of 13,400 residents (according to the 2005census). The city was founded in 1970 and was immediately dressed as the capital of Belize. Its name derives from the union of Belize (a river near this city) and Mopan, a natural indigenous ethnic group in the region.


It is a small country located in Central America, with coasts on the Caribbean Sea. It has borders with Mexico and Guatemala. Its capital is Belmopan. It was part of the Mayan Empire. It was used as a base territory for the slave trade. Its population is mostly English-speaking and Anglican. He obtained his political independence in 1981. It has great biodiversity and is located on the largest coral reef in the world.

Belize is located in Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, which lies to the east, and borders Mexico to the north and Guatemala to the west and south. It is located in the southeast of the Yucatan Peninsula. In front of its coasts there is a long coral reef, and a line of keys that form the Turneffe Islands. It has Chetimal Bay to the north and the Gulf of Honduras to the south. Belize (Belize in English) was known as British Honduras. It has an area of 22,966 km², its borders measure 516 km, and its coasts 386 km.


In 1961 after the devastating Hurricane Hattie destroyed about 75% of the homes and businesses in Belize City, the government of the time proposed the construction of a new capital on more suitable land.

In 1962, a site called Belmopan, located 82 kilometers west of the old capital, was selected by a committee of experts. The site is located 76 m above sea level, near the Belize river valley, with an excellent view and a cool climate.

In 1964, Prime Minister George Price led a Belizean delegation to London to raise the funds necessary to finance the new capital (Belize at that time was a colony known as British Honduras).

In 1967, the construction work began, but without having all the necessary anchoring to complete the project.

In 1970 the first phase of the new city was completed at a cost of US $ 12 million and the name chosen for the new capital was Belmopan, which consists of an acronym integrated with the name of the Belize River and its tributary the Mopán River, which flows near the capital.


Belmopan is located in the center of the country, forming an integral part of the Castro district specifically between the coordinates: 17 ° 25 ‘N, 78 ° 56’ W 31 km (50 miles) away from the Caribbean Sea and 76 meters (250 feet) above sea level, located near the Belize River valley.


Its climate is tropical and temperatures range between 18 and 32 ° C, with June and July being the hottest months.

Rainfall is abundant, January being the wettest month and its total annual rainfall is more than 300 mm.


The population of Belmopan is a mixture of ethnic groups that has been conformed throughout history, which includes Creoles, Garífunas, [[mestizos, Mayans from Belize and in recent years immigrants from Asian countries such as China and Taiwan, among others. See population of Belize.

Around Belmopan there are areas with a population of various ethnicities or origins, among which the Salvapán area stands out for the greater number of residents:

  • Salvapán has a population of 3,000 residents, mainly of Central American origin.
  • San Martín has a population of 1,694 residents of mixed origins, including Central American Creoles and Mayans.
  • Las Flores: 453 residents mainly of Central American origin.
  • Maya Mopan: 241 residents, mainly Ketchi / Mopan Maya.
  • Riviera: population with a mixture of Central Americans, immigrants and locals.


Belmopan has developed tourism as one of the main bases of its economy, it has countless commercial establishments, restaurants and hotels. Industrial activity is minimal.


The city has several schools where all levels of education are taught, including the university at the University of Belize.


Among the most important cultural activities in Belmopan are the presentations of the Belmopan Choral Society, the Arts Festival for schoolchildren and the National Day Activities.


In the city there is a certain development in local basketball and soccer teams. UB’s “Black Jaguars” team has won two national championships playing outside of Belmopan. Also noteworthy are some softball tournaments that take place at the beginning of the year.

Belmopan, Belize

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