According to abbreviationfinder, Buenos Aires, officially known as the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (CABA), is the capital of the Argentina Republic. It is a city of about three million residents, which is part of a much larger urban agglomeration called Greater Buenos Aires, which totals almost 13 million residents, the largest in the country.
The City of Buenos Aires is located in South America, at 34 ° 36 ‘south latitude and 58 ° 26’ west longitude. The city is located on the bank of the Río de la Plata, and its climate is temperate.
The Río de la Plata and the Riachuelo are the natural limits of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires to the east and south. The rest of the perimeter is surrounded by the external collector of the RN A001 “Avenida General Paz”, a 24 km long highway that bypasses the city from north to west.
The city is almost entirely in the Pampean region, except for some areas such as the Ecological Reserve of Buenos Aires, the Sports City of the Boca Juniors Athletic Club, the Jorge Newbery Airport, or the Puerto Madero neighborhood, which are artificially emerged. by filling the coasts of the Río de la Plata.
The region was formerly crossed by different streams and lagoons, some of which were filled in and others piped. Among the important streams are the Terceros (from the South, the Middle and the North), Maldonado, Vega, Medrano, Cildañez and White.
In 1908 many streams were channeled and rectified, since with the floods they caused damage to the infrastructure of the city. They were channeled but were kept in the open sky, building several bridges for their crossing. Finally in 1919 its closed canalization was arranged, but the works only began in 1927, finishing some in 1938 and others, such as Maldonado, in 1954.
The climate of the city is temperate humid. Considering the period 1961 – 1990, normally used to designate climatic averages, the average temperature is 17.6 ° C and the annual precipitation is 1147 mm. Throughout the 20th century,temperatures in the city have risen considerably due to the heat island (urban development), currently being 2 ° C higher than in nearby, much less urbanized regions.
Rainfall has also increased since 1973, as was the case in the previous wet chamber: 1870 to 1920.
Summers are warm, with a January average of 24.5 ° C. High humidity tends to make time stifling. Winters are mild, with an average July temperature of 11 ° C. Temperatures below 0 ° C and above 36 ° C rarely occur. The fogs, another characteristic of Buenos Aires, have become infrequent, with only a few days a year.
In the last national census carried out in November 2001 by the INDEC, in the City of Buenos Aires 2,776,138 residents were counted, of which women are 54.7% and men represent 45.3%. Likewise, the city has a significant demographic density that amounts to 13,679.6 / km2.
However, a later report published by this body, aimed at correcting the errors made in the census, established that the city’s population was 2,995,805 residents in the same period. The INDEC projection as of June 30, 2009 is 3,050,728 residents. See population of Argentina.
In 2008, the Gross Geographic Product (GNP) of Buenos Aires was approximately 400,455 million Argentine pesos (ARS), which results in $ 80,400 (Argentine peso) capita. The income, approximately US $ 23,400 dollars (USD) per capita, was much higher than the national income for that year and places the city with the second highest per capita income in Latin America in nominal terms, after Mexico City. This, due to the relatively devalued exchange rate of the Argentine peso, presents important distortions, since, taking purchasing power into account, Buenos Aires has the highest per capita product in the Latin American region. The real GDP grew in 2006 by 11.4% compared to 2005.
The main economic sector in Buenos Aires is the Services sector, which represents 78% of its GDP in constant terms, much higher than the 56% nationwide. The most important branches are real estate, computer, professional services, business and rental services, and financial intermediation services.
In recent years, Buenos Aires has become a tourist hub, especially due to the reduction in costs that the devaluation of the peso produced for foreign visitors. Between 2002 and 2004, the number of hotel establishments increased by 10.7%, while the rate of occupied rooms had a significant increase of 42.9%.
In the city there is an important development of the IT services sector. Approximately 70% of the software generating companies are installed in Buenos Aires, which at the national level export more than 340 million dollars.
An important tradition is that of the Carnival Festivities. There are 103 murgas in Buenos Aires, grouping more than 10,000 people. Annually more than 800,000 people gather to enjoy the music, dance and singing offered by these troupes in the large number of Corsicans that take place in the Buenos Aires neighborhoods.
Buenos Aires has a select group of about 50 bars known as Notable Bars, these bars are characterized by having been the protagonists of an important part of the history of the city, these bars receive help from the Government of the City of Buenos Aires.
The city of Buenos Aires has more than 300 theaters. In 2004 there were more plays on the bill than in Paris.