Cetinje, Montenegro

Cetinje, Montenegro

According to wholevehicles, the ancient capital of Montenegro, the city of Cetinje, is comfortably located in the valley between the limestone mountains – a real museum city, founded in the 13th century.

In the Cetinje Monastery, keep a particularly revered Christian relic – the right hand of the Prophet and Baptist John, with which, according to legend, the Savior was baptized. There is also a particle of the Holy and Life-Giving Cross of the Lord.

A bit of history

In the 15th century, during the war with the Turks, the ruler of the country had to move the capital from Zabljak to a more impregnable place. The city of Cetinje was chosen for this purpose. Then the city lost its former importance, revived in the 17th century, and again ceased to be noticeable… The city reached its highest prosperity in 1860 to 1918, during the reign of Nikola I Petrovich. In general, his fate is not easy. By the middle of the 20th century, the city ceased to matter as a resort, which was completely unfair. Perhaps the sights that you can see in it are not as catchy as the interesting objects of coastal cities, but it is Cetinje that is the embodiment of Montenegro.

How to get there

You can get into the city along two main roads: from Budva and from Kotor. Both roads are mountainous, both are full of dangerous turns, according to eyewitnesses, moving along them by car is already a kind of attraction. It is along these roads that tourists usually get to Cetinje, by car or bus. But it is precisely from the sharp turns of these mountain roads that unforgettable views of the surroundings open up.

Hotels, restaurants and souvenirs

You can stay in the city, and not come to it on an excursion, there are several hotels and restaurants where you can eat. But, if there is no specific interest in its history, this is hardly advisable: the city is small, and tourist interest in it will be exhausted rather quickly.

The situation with souvenirs in Cetinje is no better than in the whole of Montenegro: carelessly made magnets, clumsy plates, strange lace… Therefore, it is worth buying prosciutto as souvenirs – dried ham in a special way, grape vodka and local cheese. These products, of course, are not as durable as magnets stuck on the refrigerator, but they will bring much more pleasure, and they will give a more complete picture of the country.

Entertainment and attractions of Cetinje

One of the most interesting sights of the city is a glass pavilion with a relief map of Montenegro. The map was created by the hands of officers of the Austrian General Staff in 1917. It is so detailed that almost any house that stood on the territory of the country at that time can be found on it. And, although this attraction is not as old and significant for the history of the country as many others, there are always a lot of curious tourists around the map who are trying to find the buildings in which they settled, favorite beaches, monasteries and churches that they are going to visit.

The oldest landmark of the city is the Vlaška Church, built in 1405 by shepherds. It is famous for its wonderful frescoes by Greek masters, as well as the church fence made from weapons taken as a trophy from the Turks during the war of 1876. Of interest is the palace of King Nikola, built in 1867 in a rather rare session style. Spectacular interiors have been preserved here and in which exhibits of the National Museum of Montenegro are now located, telling about the dramatic history of the country.

Despite the fact that Cetinje is a small city, it has museums, galleries and theaters, and once every two years the international art exhibition Cetinje Biennial is held here. The Printing House of the Krnojevics is also of interest, where many famous books that contributed to the spread of Cyrillic writing in Europe saw the light of day.

Other attractions: “Vladin Dom” (former Government House, now the National Gallery is open here), the house of the prince-bishop, the rich Museum of Local Lore (1871), the residence of King Peter II, the “Blue Museum”, the Art Gallery, the Central Historical Museum and many other interesting places.

Cetinje Monastery

Cetinje Monastery (1484-1785) – the residence of the Montenegrin metropolitans, one of the most important shrines of Christianity is kept here. In the monastery, you can bow to the Hand of John the Baptist, a part of the Life-Giving Cross of the Lord, and also see such a curious thing as a shroud embroidered by the hands of the Russian Empress Catherine II. The first Montenegrin printing house worked on the territory of the monastery, which printed in 1493 the first book in the South Slavic language in Cyrillic script – Oktoih (it can be found in the monastery museum).

Mausoleum on Gore Lovchen

On the top of Mount Lovcen (1660 m), with which many pages of the history of the amazing country of Montenegro are connected, there is the mausoleum of the poet and philosopher Peter Njegus. Even during his lifetime, Vladyka ordered to bury himself in a small chapel on the mountain, which offers a stunningly beautiful panorama of the surroundings. The chapel was destroyed during the war with the Austro-Hungarians, but a mausoleum was built in its place, to which tourists constantly go, wanting to honor the memory of the outstanding poet and philosopher. The most convenient way to get to the National Park of Mount Lovcen is just from Cetinje, the journey by car or car will take about 30 minutes. Further climb on foot on an impressive number of steps.

Cetinje, Montenegro

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