Denmark Culture

Denmark Culture and Mass Media

Newspapers in Denmark

According to EZINERELIGION.COM, Denmark is a country located in Europe. The Danish media landscape has changed at an ever faster pace since the beginning of the 21st century and follows the same pattern as in other welfare states.

Above all, it is new technology in the IT sector that has fundamentally changed media consumption and the business models that have carried the traditional media.

Internet and mobile telephony

93% of households have access to the internet in their homes and more than half of the population is browsing the internet using their mobile phones (2014).

There are four mobile operators with their own networks, TDC, Telenor, TeliaSonera and 3. In addition, there are about 20 virtual operators, ie. companies that provide subscriptions in cooperation with an operator with their own network. The 3G network covers almost the entire country.

The Danes’ surfing behavior is no different from the rest of the Western world. The most visited sites are Google, Facebook and YouTube. Only two traditional media are among the ten most visited – the evening newspaper Ekstra Bladet and Danmarks Radio.

TV and radio

In radio and TV, state-owned and advertising-free DR (formerly Denmark’s Radio) is responsible for the most extensive operations. DR has seven TV channels and four radio channels. The Danish state also owns TV2, which is financed with both advertising and licenses.

DR and TV2 have extensive activities on the Internet and also have sites adapted for touch screen mobiles. In addition, there are a number of cable and satellite broadcast commercial TV channels as well as about 300 local radio channels. The radio channels consist of both ad-free local radio and major commercial stations.

Danmarks Radio started radio broadcasting in 1926. A second radio channel was established in 1951 and a third in 1963. Danmarks Radio began broadcasting daily television in 1954. Until the mid-1980s, the public service company Danmarks Radio had a monopoly in radio and television. After experimental activities, local radio was allowed in 1985 and local television in 1987, with advertising funding from 1988 and 1989 respectively.

Daily Press

Denmark has 31 paid daily newspapers (5–7 issues per week) and a daily newspaper (Weekendavisen, 1 issue per week). The total edition was 1.1 million copies. (2014).

The number of newspapers is low compared to other Nordic countries when Denmark suffered a major newspaper death in the 1950s and 1960s.

The newspaper market is dominated by two owners – Berlingske Media and JP / politikens Hus.

Berlingske Media, which publishes the morning newspaper Berlingske Tidende and the evening newspaper Ekstra Bladet, has been owned by the British Mecom Group since 2006.

JP / politikens Hus was formed in 2003 through a merger of A / S Politiken and Jyllands-Posten. The Group publishes the morning newspapers Jyllands-Posten, Politiken and the evening newspaper BT Politiken is Denmark’s largest newspaper with a circulation of about 87,000 (2014).

In Denmark there is also an extensive publication of so-called district magazines, ie. local magazines that are distributed free of charge to households each week. Many of these are owned by major newspaper houses. Two multi-day free magazines, MetroXpress and 24 hours (previously owned by 51% of Metro International and 2013 sold to the Swiss Tamedia group), are mainly distributed via public transport.

Above all, it is the paid newspapers ‘entire business model that has been eroded as the Internet has taken over many of the services that have been the newspapers’ traditional sources of revenue.

Subtextual markets for i.a. vehicles, housing and jobs are now found mainly on the internet, and usually with actors who are independent from the large media houses. At the same time, circulations have plummeted, from 1.8 million copies. 1998 to just over 1.1 million ex.. 2014.

In addition, the free magazines have taken an increasing part of the advertising cake from, above all, the nationwide newspapers Jyllandsposten, Politiken, Berlingske Tidende, Ekstra Bladet and BT Dagstidningar’s responses to the structural transformation have been mergers, staff cuts, price increases and own investments on the internet, but this has not been able to compensate. fully for the large loss of revenue.

Weekly press and magazine

The Danish weekly and magazine press is dominated by three publishers, Aller Media, Egmont and Bonnier Publications. All three have operations in the other Nordic countries.

Newspapers Carl Aller and Egmont H. Petersen are among the pioneers in the Nordic countries when it comes to publishing weekly magazines. Both established themselves in the late 19th century in their home market. Aller started in 1877 Illustreret Familie-Journal, which was launched in Sweden in 1879 with the same title, later changed to Allers. Petersen (then Gutenberghus, later Egmont) bought Damernes Blad in 1901, which after the change of name became Hjemmet and was launched in Sweden in 1920 as Hemmets Journal.

The largest in the Danish market today is Aller Media, which publishes Family Journal, Billed Bladet and Se og Hør and others. Family Journal and Billed Bladet are Denmark’s largest weekly magazines with over 170,000 copies. (2012). Egmont is the second largest with eg. the big weekly newspapers Hjemmet and Her og Nu.

Bonnier Publications is a subsidiary of Swedish Bonniers and publishes about ten niche magazines, including Illustrated Science, Iform and Computer for everyone. Their magazines are produced in Copenhagen and then translated and adapted for the Nordic market and in some cases also for other European countries. The subsidiary Benjamin also publishes about ten specialty magazines, but mainly for the Danish market.

The Danish weekly and magazine press has, like the Swedish, lost in circulation in recent years. In 2007, the total edition was 2.9 million copies. while in 2012 it stood at 2.6 million. Almost the entire reduction is on the weekly press, while the more niche magazines have performed well, a trend that can also be seen in the other Nordic countries.

Book and publishing system

The oldest Danish books were printed in 1482 and 1486 under the auspices of the church. In 1489 Gottfred of Ghemen set up the first printing press in Copenhagen. Claus Foerd (1511–84) is usually counted as the first Danish publisher and book printer. He published in 1556 Peder Palladius “Alterbog” and in 1558 “The New Testament”. Censorship and communication difficulties have long hampered the trade in books. During the 18th century, the subscription system was developed, thereby guaranteeing the provision. Struense’s freedom of the press of 1770 further facilitated the spread of books.

In 1770, Søren Gyldendal (1742-1802) set up bookstore and became Denmark’s first real publisher. Gyldendal has for a time become the largest publisher in the Nordic region by acquiring leftovers, reprints and a permanently organized sales organization. In 1837, the Bookstore Association of Denmark was founded on the initiative of Gyldendal’s successor, Jacob Deichmann. With the advent of this association, the boundary was more clearly drawn between assortment and publisher bookstore.

During the 19th century, a number of new publishers arose in Denmark, for example. Gad, known among others for their dictionaries. When Frederik Vilhelm Hegel (1817–87) took over the management of Gyldendal’s publishing company in 1850, a strong expansion took place, and at his death Gyldendal’s had an absolutely dominant position in the Danish publishing market.

In 1895, The Nordic Publishing House was founded by Ernst Bojesen (1849–1925) and PG Philipsen (1812–77). By publishing significant multi-band works (including “The History of Denmark’s History”), the magazine Frem, fiction and school and dictionaries, the publisher soon became Gyldendal’s most difficult competitor. On the initiative of Peter Nansen (1861-1918), Gyldendal’s then-manager, and Philipsen, the two publishers in 1903 were merged into Gyldendalske Boghandel Nordisk Forlag A / S.

During the first decades of the 20th century, Aschehoug Dansk Forlag Forlag (2007 merged with Lindhardt & Ringhof), Nyt Nordisk Forlag and Munksgaard were founded. Since the 1930s, Munksgaard, nowadays within the Gyldendal Group, has dominated the publication of scientific literature in foreign languages. In recent decades, Gyldendal has strengthened its dominant position throughout the entire publishing field. as publisher of The Great Danish Encyclopedia (1994–2001) and through new publishing acquisitions, e.g. 1999 by the literary quality publisher Rosinante, founded in 1982. The second largest is Lindhardt & Ringhof, owned by the media group Egmont. Gyldendal and Egmont are leaders in the book club site.

According to the Forleggger Association’s statistics, total book sales in 2014 amounted to DKK 1.81 billion, where e-books accounted for SEK 258 million. The number of newly released titles was about 18,000.


According to APARENTINGBLOG, the cultural life in Denmark has a diversity that has been made possible, among other things, thanks to large contributions from both public bodies and private foundations.

Museums exist all over the country and attract a total of 14 million visits a year. The most visited museums are with an exception in or near Copenhagen. The flagship is the National Museum with world-class archaeological and ethnographic collections. Two of the finest art museums are private, Ny Carlsbergs Glyptotek and Louisiana, which are the most visited in the country.

The most prominent Danish writers of all time have often written with a touch of disrespect, irony and a certain degree of low-key objectivity. Some examples are the Danish-Norwegian Ludvig Holberg (1684–1754), who besides comedies also wrote philosophical and historical works, the likewise Danish-Norwegian with Bellman soul-liberated poet Johan Hermann Wessel (1742–1785), the Yuland folk-life painter, novelist and poet. Steen Steensen Blicher (1782-1848), the lyricist and physician Emil Aarestrup (1800-1856), the author of Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875), the father of existentialism, the philosopher Sören Kierkegaard (1813-1855), the novelist and novelist Herman Bang (1857) –1912) and Henrik Pontoppidan (1857–1943, Nobel Prize 1917), lyricist and proseist Johannes V Jensen (1873–1950, Nobel Prize 1944) and the aristocratic novelist Karen Blixen (1855–1962). Newer writers include Halfdan Rasmussen with his extremely popular songs and children’s songs, the clever and popular language artist Benny Andersen, Klaus Rifbjerg, Suzanne Brøgger, Kirsten Thorup, Ib Michael, Jens Christian Gröndahl, Helle Helle, Carsten Jensen, Leif Davidsen, Hanne- Vibeke Holst, crime writer Jussi Adler-Olsen and poet Yaya Hassan.

Denmark has a diverse theater and musical life, including a well-rooted jazz tradition since the 1940s. A large new opera house was opened in Copenhagen in 2005, and the national stage The Royal Theater received a new stage in 2008. The following year a large concert hall was opened.

The most significant classical composers are D Buxtehude (1637–1707), CEF Weyse (1774–1842), F Kuhlau (1786–1832), JPE Hartmann (1805–1900) and NW Gade (1817–1890), and not least Carl Nielsen (1865-1931) whose symphonies, concerts, chamber and piano music and numerous folk songs still represent the most significant contribution to Danish music life.

The great, classic director of Danish film is Carl Theodor Dreyer (1889–1968), but also in recent years, Danish film has flourished with directors such as the Oscar-winning Gabriel Axel, Bille August and Susanne Bier, the Gold Palm winner Lars von Trier, Thomas Vinterberg, Per Fly, Nils Malmros, Lone Scherfig, Niels Arden Oplev, Nikolaj Arcel, Henrik Ruben Genz and Simon Staho.

Danish visual art flourished during the first half of the 19th century (the “golden age”) with sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770-1844) and painters CW Eckersberg (1783-1853) and Christian Kjøke (1810-1848) as the biggest names. At the end of the 19th century, a number of excellent painters began to gather in Skagen for mutual inspiration with Anna and Michael Ancher and PS Krøyer as central figures. However, their contemporary Vilhelm Hammershøi (1864–1916), JF Willumsen (1863–1958) and LA Ring (1854–1933) were probably the greatest and most original painters of the period, while the graphic artists and painter Johannes Larsen (1867–1961) became known and loved for their book illustrations. From the middle of the 20th century, the so-called Cobra group with abstract painters, with Asger Jorn (1914–1973) in particular, can be highlighted. Among contemporary artists, sculptor Jørgen Haugen-Sørensen stands out,

Danish architecture and design in furniture art, silversmithing, porcelain, ceramics, fashion and designed industrial products (Georg Jensen, Arne Jacobsen, Lego and Bang & Olufsen) have won international reputation.



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