Mongolia Overview

Mongolia Overview



Ulan Bator.


As a country located in Asia according to topschoolsoflaw, Mongolia borders the Russian Federation to the north and China to the south. From north to south, the country can be divided into four regions: mountain and forest steppe, mountain steppe and in the extreme south semi-desert and desert, which make up about 3% of the country’s area. The country is relatively high, the main mountain ranges are in the west. The highest peak is the Munkhairkhan with 4362 m. The lowest point in the country is the eastern Khukhu Nuur Lake (552 m). There are several hundred lakes and many rivers in Mongolia. The northern part of the country is the furthest piece of earth in the world from the sea.


Republic since 1992. Constitution of 1992. Unicameral Parliament: Parliament (Great People’s Hural) with 76 members. Direct election of the head of state every 4 years. In 1992, after 70 years of communist rule, Mongolia dropped the designation “People’s Republic”. Independent of China since 1921, independence recognized by China under international law in 1946.

Head of state

Tsakhiagiyn Elbegdorj, since 2009.

Head of government

Jargaltulga Erdenebat, since July 2016.


220 V, 50 Hz.

Mongolia Overview


Business etiquette

One wears a suit or a costume to the business meeting. Translation and interpreting services should be booked before departure, although more and more business people speak English.

Business hours:
Mon-Fri 9 a.m.-6 p.m.


Trade Department of the Mongolian Embassy
Dietzgenstrasse 31, D-13156 Berlin
Tel: (030) 474 80 60.

Mongolian Chamber of Commerce & Industry (Mongolian Chamber of Commerce and Industry)
Sambuu Street 11, MN-Ulan Bator 210538
Tel: (01) 32 71 73.

Business contacts

Trade Department of the Mongolian Embassy
Dietzgenstrasse 31, D-13156 Berlin
Tel: (030) 474 80 60.

Mongolian Chamber of Commerce & Industry (Mongolian Chamber of Commerce and Industry)
Sambuu Street 11, MN-Ulan Bator 210538
Tel: (01) 32 71 73.



Dial-up remote service possible. There are only a few connections available. International calls can be made from hotels or from the switchboard in Ulan Bator. Since 1994 an Asiasat satellite station has been facilitating international telecommunication connections to Mongolia. Area codes: Ulan Bator: 11; Darkhan: 01-372; Erdenet: 01-352; Khovd: 01-432.


GSM 900. The network operator is Mobicom (Internet: Sending / receiving area: Ulan Bator, Darkhan, Erdenet, Selenge, Zamyn Uud, Nalaikh, Altanbulag, Sainshand (Dornogobi), Zuunkharaa and Arvaikheer (Uvurkhangai). The CDMA network operated by Skytel includes the transmission / reception areas Ulaanbaatar, Uvurkhangai, Zamyn Uud, Darkhan, Selenge and Bulgan.


Internet access in conference and convention centers in hotels in Ulan Bator, in some Internet cafés and in the switchboard on Suhkbaatar Square. Internet providers are MagicNet (Internet:, Micom (Internet: and Bodicomputers (Internet:

Post Office

Airmail shipments to Europe take up to two weeks on the move. There is an express mail service in Ulan Bator. Post office opening times: Mon-Fri 9 a.m. to 6 p.m., Sat 9 a.m. to 1 p.m.


Since the use of shortwave frequencies changes several times over the course of a year, it is advisable to contact Deutsche Welle customer service directly (Tel: (+49) (0228) 429 32 08. Internet: to request.



Cashmere clothing, jewelry, carpets and wine. There are several duty-free shops in Ulan Bator that accept convertible currency. In all other shops you can only pay with the local currency. Shop opening times: Mon-Sat 9 a.m.-6 p.m.



Performances take place regularly in the state opera and ballet as well as in the state drama and puppet theaters. The capital is also home to the folk songs and dance ensembles, as well as the army singing and dancing ensembles. There is a theater in almost every major city.




In Ulan Bator there are six larger hotels with a total capacity of over 1000 beds. In addition, there are many smaller hotels and pensions in other larger towns such as Erdenet and Darhan. They offer full board, day trips, and museum tickets, as well as guides and interpreters.


There are 75 tourist camps open from May to October. You live in Mongolian round tents (yurts). There are also mostly restaurants, bars, toilets and showers. Camping is possible everywhere except in designated nature reserves.



Lamaist Buddhism (50%), non-denominational (40%), minorities of shamans and Christians (6%) and Muslims (4%).

Social rules of conduct

Mongolia is rich in ancient traditions and customs. Religious customs should be respected. Tip: Not common.


Best travel time

Continental highland climate with short summers (in the north temperatures up to 15 ° C, in the south up to 30 ° C) and very cold, snowy winters (November – April).


Area code +976 Area (square km) 1564116 Population 2992908 Population density (per square km) 2 Population in 2015 Member of the EU No main emergency number 103

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