Montevideo, Uruguay

Montevideo, Uruguay

According to abbreviationfinder, Montevideo is the capital of Uruguay located on the banks of the Río de la Plata. It is the youngest capital in Latin America and was founded between 1724 and 1730 by the Governor of Buenos Aires, Don Bruno Mauricio de Zabala. It was born for strategic reasons by the Spanish Crown, which sought to consolidate the second stronghold of America there, the first was Cartagena de Indias. It was consolidated as a military bastion on the disputed border between Spain and Portugal. It is a contemporary metropolis that brings together a high proportion of economic activity, commercial exchange and services, banking and tourism in the country.


Montevideo begins its founding process in 1724. It arises for reasons of defense of the Spanish Empire in an area of permanent disputes with the Portuguese that had already settled in Colonia de Sacramento, in front of Buenos Aires in 1680. Montevideo maintained throughout its history a close relationship with the port, accentuated by the creation, from a royal order, of the Naval Station with jurisdiction in the entire South Atlantic around 1776 and consolidated years later by the Bourbon policy itself..

On the peninsula, the Spaniards implanted the so-called Fort Grande and a six-block route in the northwest area, sheltered from inclement weather and close to the bay. The enlargement to 32 blocks confirms the original checkerboard oriented to middle courses without major spatial limitations.

In this first stage, Montevideo only had 267 residents, and the establishment of the first Cabildo, the date of the legal foundation of the city and the culmination of the founding cycle, does not substantially modify its precarious characteristics.

The initial fabric, extremely open, with a disorderly and dispersed land occupation, is consolidated from the predominance of the primary elements. In the first instance, the defensive works, the citadel and the walls, which began to be built in the 1940s, definitively delimit the peninsula and come to distinguish the city in such a way that it can be called a “fortress city”.

Once sewn up by the walls, the populated center begins to thicken rapidly. From the simple awning to the ranch, to the house with a sloping roof with a greater occupation of the ground in the shape of a U or L, one arrives at the type of patio house with a rooftop roof with a clear Canarian influence. This began to predominate towards the end of the 18th century and began a requalification of the fabric with a high use of the land, an introverted way of life and a definition of the corridor street until now considered only a residual space. At the beginning of the 19th century, the first regulations of the town council referring to the building, regarding the maintenance of the façade line and establishments of easements contribute to this new form of the city. See population of Uruguay.



Located in the extreme southeast of Uruguay, Maldonado Department (Uruguay) borders the Canelones Department to the west, Lavalleja Department (Uruguay) to the north and northwest and Rocha Department (Uruguay) to the east. To the south it has an extensive coastline that opens onto the Atlantic Ocean.

Economic development

Various crops such as fruit trees, legumes, vegetables for consumption in the department and flowers and decorative plants are important.

Forage is grown, dairy cows are grazed, and pigs, cattle and poultry are raised. Beekeeping is highly developed.

On the outskirts of the city there are also granite quarries, ballast and sand mining for construction. Montevideo concentrates most of the industrial efforts and energy consumption in the country. It has a refinery oil in Teja, also with fridges and a variety of industrial activities: breweries, wineries, thermal energy production plants, factories matches, footwear, cement, portland, soap, oil, etc.

Fishing allows the city to be supplied with species such as hake, brótola, corvina and silverside. It has a fairly deep and wide port, which due to its commercial movement is among the first in South America. In addition, the city and its suburbs contain a great variety of industrial establishments.

Uruguay is essentially a tourist country. For its natural beauties, for the special conjunction of its climate and its geography, for the vocation of its people. And Montevideo, far from being alien to this, is one of the points of greatest interest and one of the most required by tourists.

The development of the tourism industry has received, in recent years, an essential boost, reinforcing the services and areas related to the sector, enhancing the natural resources and the idiosyncrasies of the population to receive the increasing flow of visitors who come to these coasts..

Regional integration

Montevideo is located in a neuralgic point of the Mercosur geography, whose geopolitical relevance may be further increased, in the event that important regional interconnection works are actually carried out, such as the Santiago-Buenos Aires-San Pablo road axis, the Colonia bridge -Buenos Aires on the Río de la Plata and the Paraná-Paraguay waterway.

The Uruguay, from the signing of the Treaty of Asuncion, has been involved in an accelerated process of regional integration, expressed in the creation of the Mercosur, with its neighbors: the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of the Brazil and Paraguay. Since the Ouro Preto agreements, in 1994, and Montevideo has been designated as the headquarters of the administrative bodies of the Treaty.

Montevideo, Uruguay

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