Newspapers in New Zealand
According to COMMIT4FITNESS.COM, New Zealand is a country located in Oceania. Newspaper distribution in New Zealand is relatively high with a combined circulation of just over 1 million copies. (207 newspaper ex. Per 1,000 residents, 2000). According to HISTORYAAH.COM, there are about thirty newspapers. The largest are the New Zealand Herald in Auckland (founded in 1863; about 240,000 copies), The Press in Christchurch (1861; about 100,000 copies), and Evening Post and The Dominion in Wellington (1865 and 1907, respectively; both about 70,000 copies)..). The daily press is dominated by the companies Independent Newspapers Ltd. and Wilson and Horton Ltd., which together account for 90% of the release.
In 1988, the state-owned radio and TV company was split into Radio New Zealand Ltd. and Television New Zealand Ltd. According to HOMOSOCIETY.COM, the radio broadcasts in three channels (not advertising) and operates over 50 local radio stations (advertising). In addition, there are about 180 private radio stations. The television has two channels. Since 1989, there is also private TV, among other things. the companies TV3 and Sky Network. Radio and television broadcasting is high with 997 radio and 522 TV receivers per 1,000 residents (2000).
According to CALCULATORINC, Janet Frame (1924–2004) is the foremost name in New Zealand literature with a style that has been described as magical realism. Her best-known work is an autobiographical trilogy “An Angel at My Table” which became a film directed by Jane Campion in 1990.
Janet Frame (actually Nene Janet Paterson Clutha) had a dramatic path to authorship. Unhappy because of family tragedies, she was considered abnormal and ended up in a mental hospital. There she wrote books, which she got published. After several years of brutal treatment with hundreds of electric shocks, she narrowly avoided a lobotomy, after a doctor discovered that she had won a literature award.
Other well-known authors are Katherine Mansfield and Ngaio Marsh who were active during the first half of the 20th century. Mention should also be made of Frank Sargeson, Maurice Gee, Maurice Shadbolt, Margaret Mahy and Elizabeth Knox as well as from a younger generation Kirsty Gunn, Alan Duff and Bill Manhire.
During the 1970s, authors of Maori origin published for the first time both short stories and novels in English. First was Witi Ihimaera, closely followed by Patricia Grace. In 1985, Keri Hulme won the prestigious British Booker Prize for the novel “The People”. Of the poets, Hone Tuwhare is best known.
Filmmaker Jane Campion has also directed the Piano and Holy Smoke. Peter Jackson has had great success with his filmizations of JRR Tolkien’s trilogy about the Lord of the Rings and the film triology Hobbit after Tolkien’s novel Bilbo – A Hobbit’s Adventure. According to INTERNETSAILORS.COM, the ruling, which was largely recorded in New Zealand national parks, was rewarded with a total of 17 Oscars in 2002–2004. Hobbit was recorded in New Zealand 2011−2012.
The film The Warrior’s Soul, directed by Lee Tamahori, from 1994 is a dark depiction of a Moorish family in a metropolitan suburb. In 2003, Niki Caro’s movie Whale rides about a Maori girl who refuses to find herself in the restrictions old customs place on her.
According to HYPERRESTAURANT.COM, New Zealand’s beautiful and varied nature has long attracted and inspired many artists. Among these, Frances Hodgkins (1869-1947) was the most prominent. Other highly regarded artists are Peter McIntyre, Colin McCahon, Don Binney, Ralph Hotere and Para Matchitt.
Because the Maoris lacked written language before the 19th century, the craftsmanship had to some extent reproduce the history of the tribes. The Maoris wood carving has been kept alive and new carpenters are being trained at an institute in the city of Rotorua. Interest in traditional Moorish culture has increased in recent years. Both visual art and film and fiction have captured the impression of Moorish and Polynesian culture.
Douglas Lilburn is considered the foremost composer. In opera, Kiri Te Kanawa, Inia Te Wiata and Donald McIntyre are internationally known for their singing.
Bill English becomes new prime minister
Bill English, who has been finance minister in John Key’s government, is elected new prime minister and new party leader for the Nationalist Party. According to MATHGENERAL.COM, English promises as a new head of government to strive to create a New Zealand that “rewards hard work and entrepreneurship and that protects the weakest in society.”
Prime Minister Key resigns
Prime Minister John Key surprisingly announces that he will resign for personal reasons on December 12. Key has been prime minister since 2008. He will also quit as party leader for the Nationalist Party, which he has led since 2006.
Earthquake near Christchurch
Two people are killed in a powerful earthquake with magnitude 7.5 on the Richter scale. During the following hours, another powerful earthquake occurs, which is followed by several thousand aftershocks. Roads and other infrastructure are subject to enormous damage. Hundreds of people are evacuated from the area. According to MILITARYNOUS.COM, warships from Canada, the United States and Australia that have been on their way to participate in the celebration of the New Zealand Navy’s 75th anniversary help with the evacuation of residents of the hard-hit city of Kaikoura.
New Zealanders want to keep the flag
In a second referendum on the country’s flag (see December 2015), the residents voted no to replace the country’s flag with a new one. More than 56 percent of the people in the referendum want to keep the old flag.
New flag proposal
A referendum will start where residents will vote on five proposals for a new national flag. According to NATUREGNOSIS.COM, Prime Minister John Key wants the country’s flag replaced because it does not represent New Zealand today and is too similar to Australia’s. In 2016, a new referendum will be held where the population will decide whether they want the new proposal as a flag or if they want to keep the old flag. In mid-December, the first referendum is ready. It is then clear that a flag proposal with a leaf and the background colors blue, black and white has won.
New Zealand includes TTP
According to NEOVIDEOGAMES.COM, New Zealand, along with another 10 countries in Asia and the Pacific region, includes Australia, the United States, Canada and Japan – but not China, a Free Trade Agreement, the Trans-Pacific Trade Agreement (TPP). The agreement covers 40 percent of the world economy. However, before it can take effect, the agreement must be approved by the parliaments of the countries.
Neighbors monitoring is revealed
According to ENINGBO.INFO, materials leaked by American Edward Snowden and published by the New Zealand Herald magazine show that New Zealand has monitored data and telecommunications from Pacific countries such as Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and more.