In the field of non-ferrous metallurgy, according to topschoolsintheusa, Russia has a developed production base (2.1 thousand enterprises, about 570 thousand employees), however, the growth rate of the industry is limited by the lack of raw materials, which often have to be imported both from near and far abroad. Nevertheless, Russia has large reserves of nickel, copper and some other non-ferrous metal ores, and in recent years has been a world leader in a number of markets. In 2002, the industry’s enterprises produced products worth 444 billion rubles. and exported more than 3.5 million tons of aluminum, copper and nickel. The main enterprises of the industry are concentrated in the Urals and Siberia: the industry leaders are RAO Norilsk Nickel, OAO SUAL (Sverdlovsk Region), OAO RusAl and OAO Krasnoyarsk Aluminum Plant (Krasnoyarsk Territory). In 2002, the total value of chemical products was 366 billion dollars. rubles, 6.8 thousand enterprises were registered in the industry and 855 thousand people were employed. Russia has developed the production of soda, fertilizers, synthetic resins and plastics, tires, as well as products of the paint and varnish industry and household chemicals. In 2002, the industry produced 10.5 million tons of synthetic ammonia, 13.6 million tons of mineral fertilizers (in terms of 100% nutrients), 2.876 million tons of synthetic resins and plastics, 35.8 million tons of tires for cars, motorcycles and agricultural technology, 156 thousand tons of chemical fibers. In recent years, chemical industry products have also been an important export item (though mainly to developing countries): in 2001, inorganic chemistry products were sold for the amount of St. 2 billion US dollars, organic chemistry – St. 1 billion dollars, fertilizers – St. $1.5 billion The main enterprises of the industry are concentrated in the Volga region (OAO Nizhnekamskneftekhim and OAO Nizhnekamskshina in Tatarstan, OAO Uralkali, OAO Azot and OAO Silvinit in the Perm region), in the North-West (OAO Akron in the Novgorod region, “Ammofos” in the Vologda, “Apatit” in the Murmansk region) and in the Siberian (FSUE “Siberian Chemical Plant” in the Tomsk region) federal districts. Machine-building and metalworking enterprises play a special role in the Russian economy. In 2002, St. 45 thousand enterprises with the number of employed St. 3.4 million people The cost of their products amounted to 1126 trillion. rub. In 2002, 981 thousand cars, 6.3 thousand machine tools, 1822 thousand televisions, 1933 thousand refrigerators and freezers were manufactured.
In 2001, 686 thousand electric motors, 173 thousand trucks, 56.5 thousand buses, 15.2 thousand tractors, 9.1 thousand combines, 136 thousand personal computers were assembled in Russia. The main industrial centers are located in the Central, Volga, Ural districts, as well as in large cities throughout Russia. The largest enterprises are automobile plants – OJSC AvtoVAZ (Samara Region), OJSC GAZ (Nizhny Novgorod), OJSC KamAZ (Tatarstan), AMO ZiL (Moscow), OJSC UAZ (city. Ulyanovsk), as well as a number of shipbuilding, aviation, engine-building plants and defense industry enterprises. Due to the lack of investment and the technological backwardness of a large number of enterprises, the competitiveness of the domestic engineering industry has sharply decreased, which exacerbated the decline in production. So, compared to 1990, In 2001, the production of tractors fell by almost 15 times, metal-cutting machine tools by almost 10 times, televisions by almost 5 times, electric motors by more than 3 times, and refrigerators by almost half. Russia has large reserves of forest resources, which leads to the development of the forest industry. In 2002, more than 22,000 enterprises operated in this industry, employing about 1 million people, and the value of output amounted to 248 billion rubles. 90.2 million m3 of solid wood, 17.6 million m3 of sawn timber, 1,808 thousand m3 of plywood, 2,732 thousand standard m2 of chipboard, 1.7 million m2 of parquet, 5,586 thousand tons of pulp and 5,921 thousand m3 of wood were produced. tons of paper and cardboard. An important source of income for the industry is exports: in 2001, products worth St. $3.2 billion, of which more than 40% was raw wood. The main enterprises of the industry are located in large industrial centers, as well as in the North of the European part of Russia (Arkhangelsk, Kirov regions, the Republics of Karelia and Komi) and in Siberia (Krasnoyarsk Territory, Irkutsk Region). Building materials industry enterprises in 2002 produced products worth 176 billion rubles, 8 thousand enterprises worked in the industry and 679 thousand workers were employed. In the same year, 37.7 million tons of cement were produced, 10.8 billion pieces. bricks, more than 18 million m3 of reinforced concrete structures, 1.9 billion slate slabs, 71.9 million m2 of linoleum, 39.6 million m2 of glazed ceramic slabs. The largest production facilities are located in the Central District (Moscow, Belgorod, Bryansk regions), as well as in the Leningrad region and the Volga region. Product output in this industry from 1998 to ser. 2002 grew by 35%,
Light industry is one of the oldest industries in Russia. In 2002, about 15,000 enterprises were registered in the industry, employing 780,000 people. In 2002, the industry produced products worth 88.8 billion rubles, incl. 2326 million m2 of cotton and 50 million m2 of woolen fabrics, 286 million pairs of hosiery, 124 million pieces. knitwear, 41.2 million pairs of shoes. The main enterprises of the industry are located in the Central District: St. 70% of cotton fabrics are produced in the Ivanovo region, and more than 10% of shoes are produced in Moscow. Despite a noticeable growth (from 1998 to 2002, output in physical terms increased by 53%), the industry is still in crisis: compared to 1990, the output of fabrics in 2001 decreased by 3 times, the output of knitwear – more than 6 times, the release of outer coats and shoes – more than 10 times.